Learn the most used contractions in English


Spoken English: Contractions


Contraction means to shorten a word or phrase by omitting one or more sounds or letters from it. The word so formed is also called a contraction. Discussed below are some of the various contractions used in spoken English.

Here are two examples:

My dad’s car is red.

Here we have only one dad but we have put on the letter ‘s’ because we have put an apostrophe. It shows that the car belongs to dad.

I’ll tell you that later,” he whispered.

I will has become I’ll, we have joined two words and missed out the letters ‘wi’ and put in the apostrophe instead.

The apostrophe has three uses: 

1. To show that we have made words shorter. We have contracted them.
2. To show that something belongs to someone, i.e. they possess it. (possession)
3. To make our writing easier to read.

In the list below we are going to look at apostrophes for some contracting words. Contractions are written in blue, and the missed out letters are written in red:

Do not – Don’to

Should not – Shouldn’to

Could not – Couldn’to

Would not – Wouldn’to

Has not – Hasn’to

I will – I’llwi
They will – They’llwi
He will – He’ll – wi
Would have – Would’veha
They have – They’veha
Can not – Can’tno
There is – There’si
Who is – Who’si
You are – You’rea
They are – They’rea

Examples

Let’s = Let us
Except for some set phrases (example: ‘Let us pray’) let us is almost always expressed as a contraction: Let’s. Example:
• Let’s go! 
It is almost always used to express an imperative, thus:
• Let’s do it!
However, sometimes it is used to express something like an admonition, thus:
• Let’s do what we ought to do.
Sometimes it is used to make suggestion, thus:
• Let’s keep this just between us.
The negative is ‘let’s not’, but you will also come across ‘don’t let’s’ .
That’s = That is
• That’s all = That is all
• That’s all I want= That is all Iwant
• That’s it=That is it
• That’s my son= That is my son
• That’s my child = That is my child
• That’s my daughter = That is my daughter
• That’s what I wanted to say = That is what I wanted to say 
• That’s a good idea = That is a good idea
What’s = What is
• What’s going on = What is going on?
• What’s that? = What is that?
• What’s happening? = What is happening?
• What’s going to happen? = What is going to happen?
What’s = What has
• What’s been happening? = What has been happening? 
• What’s been going on? = What has been going on?
it’s = it is
• It’s a man = It is a man
• It’s a woman = It is a woman
• It’s a boy = It is a boy
• It’s a girl = It is a girl
• It’s a good thing = It is a good thing
• It’s not a good thing = It is not a good thing
• It’s time to go= It is time to go
it’s = it has
• It’s been a good day = It has been a good day
• It’s been one of those days = It has been one of those days
• It’s been good = It has been good
• It’s been fun = It has been fun
• It’s been a wonderful life = It has been a wonderful life
• It’s been a trying time = It has been a trying time
There’s = there is
• There’s one = There is one
• There’s another = There is another
• There’s a red balloon = There is a red balloon
• There’s gold in those hills = There is gold in those hills
• Where there’s water there’s life = Where there is water there is life
• There’s a lot of water in the river = There is a lot of water in the river
I’d = I would
• I’d like to meet her = I would like to meet her 
I’d = I had
• I’d been doing well until I got hit by a car = I had been doing well until I got hit by a car
You’d = you would
• If you lived here you’d be home by now = If you lived here you would be home by now 
You’d = you had
• You’d better watch out! = You had better watch out!
could’ve = could have
• I could’ve done it if I had wanted to do it = I could have done it if I had wanted to do it
• I could’ve done it, but I didn’t do it = I could have done it, but I didn’t do it
would’ve = would have
• I would’ve finished had I had the time = I would have fin- ished had I had the time
• I would’ve got there sooner, but the train was late = I would have got there sooner, but the train was late
• We would’ve had the picnic had it not rained = We would have had the picnic had it not rained
should’ve = should have
• She should’ve introduced herself = She should have introduced herself
• Perhaps I should’ve been politer = Perhaps I should have been politer
• We should’ve done a better job of it = We should have done a better job of it
what’d = what did
• What’d he say? = What did he say?
That’ll = That will
• That’ll be the day = That will be the day.
• That’ll never happen again = That will never happen again.
Which’ll = Which will
• The bus, which’ll be along in a while, will take you to the station. = The bus, which will be along in a while, will take you to the station.
Ain’t = am not
• I ain’t going and you can’t make me.
There’re = There are
• There’re some words that have no opposites = There are some words that have no opposites
needn’t = need not
• “John needn’t leave for another hour.” 
• “You needn’t have done that.”
Who’re = who are
• Who’re you? = Who are you?