Tenses are classes that refer to time with reference to the moment of speaking. Tenses are usually displayed by the use of specific forms of verbs, especially in their conjugation patterns. The main tenses found in many languages mainly the past, present, and future.

Present Simple

Useto show repeated action, belief, opinion, characteristics.
How to Formverb(s/es)
Examplework / works
Sentence ExampleThey work sometimes.
She works at Gallaudet.

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Present Perfect

Useto show what has happened in the past and continues in the present; to show how long something has happened (often uses for and since).
How to Formhave/has + past participle
Examplehave worked / has worked
Sentence Examplehave worked at Gallaudet for seven years.
Kelly has worked at Gallaudet since 1993.

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Present Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show an event that is going on right now.
How to Formam/is/are + verb + ing
Exampleam working / is working / are working
Sentence ExampleSue is working in the house.
She and her sister are working at Gally now.

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Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show how long something has been happening and is still happening.
How to Formhave/has + been + verb + ing
Examplehave been working / has been working
Sentence Examplehave been working at Gallaudet for seven years.
Kelly has been working at Gallaudet since 1993.
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Past Simple

Useto show what happened at a time in the past and is finished.
How to Formverb(d/ed)
Exampleworked
Sentence ExampleYesterday Jim worked with Harry.

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Past Perfect

Useto show an action in the past that happened even before another event in the past .
How to Formhad + past participle
Examplehad worked
Sentence ExampleThe car had worked before the truck hit it
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Past Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show an event that was going on when something else happened (often uses before, after, when).
How to Formwas/were + verb + ing
Examplewas working / were working
Sentence Examplewas working on the paper when my friend interrupted me.
Sara and Jill were working at the Abbey when I stopped by.

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Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show how long something had been happening before something else happened.
How to Formhad + been + verb + ing
Examplehad been working
Sentence ExampleThe car had been working fine before the truck hit it.
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Future Simple

Useto show what will happen in the future.
How to Formwill + verb
Examplewill work
Sentence ExampleIn the future I will work on Mars every week.

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Future Perfect

Useto show something that has not yet been done but that will be done before a set time in the future.
How to Formwill have + past participle
Examplewill have worked
Sentence ExampleBy tomorrow Steve will have worked on his term paper.
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Future Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show an event that will be going on when something else happens.
How to Formwill be + verb + ing
Examplewill be working
Sentence ExampleThe guard will be working on his project when we sneak up on him.

Future Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

Useto show how long something will have been happening by a future time.
How to Formwill have + been + verb + ing
Examplewill have been working
Sentence ExampleBy tomorrow Steve will have been working for five days on his term paper.

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